Hyperuricaemia and gout in New Zealand rural and urban Māori and non-Māori communities
Stamp, L. K.; Wells, J.E.; Pitama, S.G.; Faatoese, Allamanda F.; Doughty, Robert N.; Whalley, Gillian; Richards, A.M.; Cameron, Vicky A.
Citation:Stamp, L. K. (et al.). Hyperuricaemia and gout in New Zealand rural and urban Māori and non-Māori communities. Internal Medicine Journal (2013) Jun; Vol. 43 (6), pp. 678-84. An online version is available behind a wall but free with institutional access.
Permanent link to Research Bank record:https://hdl.handle.net/10652/2590
Background: There are few current data on the prevalence of hyperuricaemia and gout in New Zealand, particularly among the indigenous Māori population. Aims: To determine the prevalence of gout and hyperuricaemia in rural and urban Māori and non-Māori community samples and describe the treatment and comorbidities of participants with gout. Methods: Participants aged 20-64 years were recruited by random selection from the electoral roll. Māori samples were selected from among those identified as being of Māori descent on the roll and who self-identified as being of Māori ethnicity at interview. Personal medical history, blood pressure, anthropometrics, fasting lipids, glucose, HbA1c and urate were recorded. Results: There were 751 participants. Mean serum urate (SU) was 0.30 mmol/L (0.06-0.69 mmol/L). Māori had a significantly higher prevalence of hyperuricaemia (SU > 0.40 mmol/L) compared with non-Māori (17.0% vs 7.5%, P = 0.0003). A total of 57 participants had a history of gout, with a higher prevalence in Māori compared with non-Māori (10.3% vs 2.3%, P < 0.0001). Of the participants, 18/57 (31.6%) with gout were receiving urate-lowering therapy, but in 38.9%, SU was >0.36 mmol/L. Participants with gout were more likely to have metabolic syndrome, diabetes, cardiac disease or hypertension. Conclusions: Gout and hyperuricaemia were more prevalent in Māori, and participants with gout were more likely to have comorbidities. There was not a higher overall adjusted cardiovascular disease risk in Māori participants with gout. Despite the high prevalence of gout, management remains suboptimal. (© 2012 The Authors; Internal Medicine Journal © 2012 Royal Australasian College of Physicians.)