Heart failure in younger patients: the Meta-analysis Global Group in Chronic Heart Failure (MAGGIC)
Wong, Chih M.; Hawkins, Nathaniel M.; Petrie, Mark C.; Jhund, Pardeep S.; Gardner, Roy S.; Ariti, Cono A.; Poppe, K.K.; Earle, Nikki; Whalley, Gillian; Squire, I.B.; Doughty, Robert N.; McMurray, John J.V.
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Citation:Wong, C.M., Hawkins, N.M., Petrie, M.C., Jhund, P.S., Gardner, R.S., Ariti, C.A., Poppe, K.K., Earle, N., Whalley, G.A., Squire, I.B., Doughty, R.N., McMurray, J.J.V., and on behalf of the MAGGIC Investigators. (2014). Heart failure in younger patients: the Meta-analysis Global Group in Chronic Heart Failure (MAGGIC). European Heart Journal, 35, pp.2714-2721. NOTE: Available from link below.
Permanent link to Research Bank record:https://hdl.handle.net/10652/3020
Aim Our understanding of heart failure in younger patients is limited. The Meta-analysis Global Group inChronic Heart Failure (MAGGIC) database, which consisted of 24 prospective observational studies and 7 randomized trials, was used to investigate the clinical characteristics, treatment, and outcomes of younger patients. Methods and Results Patients were stratified into six age categories: ,40 (n ¼ 876), 40 – 49 (n ¼ 2638), 50 – 59 (n ¼ 6894), 60 – 69 (n ¼ 12 071), 70 – 79 (n ¼ 13 368), and ≥80 years (n ¼ 6079). Of 41 926 patients, 2.1, 8.4, and 24.8% were younger than 40, 50, and 60 years of age, respectively. Comparing young (,40 years) against elderly (≥80 years), younger patients were more likely to be male (71 vs. 48%) and have idiopathic cardiomyopathy (63 vs. 7%). Younger patients reported better New York Heart Association functional class despite more severe left ventricular dysfunction (median ejection fraction: 31 vs. 42%, all P , 0.0001). Comorbidities such as hypertension, myocardial infarction, and atrial fibrillation were much less common in the young. Younger patients received more disease-modifying pharmacological therapy than their older counterparts. Across the younger age groups (,40, 40 – 49, and 50 – 59 years), mortality rates were low: 1 year 6.7, 6.6, and 7.5%, respectively; 2 year 11.7, 11.5, 13.0%; and 3 years 16.5, 16.2, 18.2%. Furthermore, 1-, 2-, and 3-year mortality rates increased sharply beyond 60 years and were greatest in the elderly (≥80 years): 28.2, 44.5, and 57.2%, respectively. Conclusion Younger patients with heart failure have different clinical characteristics including different aetiologies, more severe left ventricular dysfunction, and less severe symptoms. Three-year mortality rates are lower for all age groups under 60 years compared with older patients.