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dc.contributor.authorSun, Teng
dc.description.abstractRESEARCH QUESTIONS: • How can the effects of urban flooding in New Zealand be fixed by using sponge city techniques? • How to prevent flooding and reduce urban damage by using the sponge city strategy? • How can the sponge city methodology help to prevent future flooding in Auckland? ABSTRACT: This research aims to solve the problem of urban flooding by the sponge city concept. Through the comparison with Low Impact Urban Design, Water Sensitive Urban Design and Sustainable Urban Design, the advantages and success of sponge city are demonstrated. A sponge city is a city that acts asa sponge with an urban environment planned and constructed to soak up almost every raindrop and capture that water for reuse. There are six keywords in this project, which are infiltrate, detain, absorb, clean, use and discharge.This research will mainly focus on absorb and detain. The Sponge City can absorb more rainwater through the soil into urban aquifers efficiently. The case studies present different sites around the world to show how those cases deal with urban flooding, which includes Hans Tavsens park, Yanweizhou Park, Arroyo Seco Confluence, Cermak road and Auckland International Airport. The effects of Auckland flooding were presented by media frequently. There are three main causes which could lead to urban flooding; they are irregular terrain, temperate marine climate and urbanisation. Various data from the Whau catchment indicate a strong connection between topography and flooding, so the design area will focus on the upstream flood areas to mitigate urban flood pressure and risk. This research presents five design works, which all near or in the flooding area.These five sites will combine five different landscape techniques through thesponge city concept, which are detention pond, widen and deepen stream, raingarden, porous pavement and green roof. Then there will be a list of threedifferent design options in the first two designs to show different focused andsuccess through comparing advantage and flood capacity..en_NZ
dc.rightsAll rights reserveden_NZ
dc.subjectWhau River Catchment (Auckland, N.Z.)en_NZ
dc.subjectAuckland (N.Z.)en_NZ
dc.subjectsponge cityen_NZ
dc.subjecturban floodingen_NZ
dc.subjectdetention pondsen_NZ
dc.subjectrain gardensen_NZ
dc.subjectwater catchmenten_NZ
dc.subjectstormwater managementen_NZ
dc.subjectporous pavementsen_NZ
dc.subjectgreen roofsen_NZ
dc.subjectNew Zealanden_NZ
dc.titleThe sponge city in New Zealanden_NZ
dc.typeMasters Thesisen_NZ
dc.rights.holderAuthoren_NZ of Landscape Architectureen_NZ Institute of Technologyen_NZ
dc.subject.marsden090509 Water Resources Engineeringen_NZ
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitationSun, T. (2019) The sponge city in New Zealand. (Unpublished document submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Landscape Architecture). Unitec Institute of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand. Retrieved from
dc.contributor.affiliationUnitec Institute of Technologyen_NZ
unitec.advisor.principalBradbury, Matthew
unitec.advisor.associatedWang, Xinxin
unitec.institution.studyareaLandscape Architecture

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