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dc.contributor.authorSmiler, Reuben
dc.description.abstractThis project aims to explore marae-based housing solutions in Auckland for vulnerable whānau as they seek to pursue mana motuhake. Successive Government policies, which have led to the alienation of Māori from ancestral homelands while facilitating Māori migrations to urban environments, have resulted in the loss of tribal identity and belonging. The emergence of urban marae has been at the forefront of preserving and protecting both cultural and tribal identity in response to colonization. With the increase in homelessness rates, especially among Māori, it becomes imperative that Māori housing initiatives reflect not only the cultural values and social dynamics of Māori whānau but also solutions that restore identity and belonging. Exploring design solutions to these concerns are essential to the pursuit and fulfilment of mana motuhake. From the winter of 2016 to September 2018, Te Puea Memorial Marae in Māngere Auckland has seen the placement of 320 homeless whānau members into long-term accommodation. Responding to the rise in homelessness, Te Puea Mārae seeks to support vulnerable whānau in their path towards mana motuhake. This ‘grassroots’ initiative is titled the ‘Manaaki Tangata Programme’ based on core marae principles. Mana motuhake means having a separate identity, self-determination, control over one’s destiny, self-government, autonomy, independence, sovereignty and authority. Vulnerable whānau are unable to ‘determine their destinies’ without the support of exterior influences. Navigating the housing continuum towards homeownership is a form of pursuing mana motuhake; however, for many Māori, this remains a dream.en_NZ
dc.rightsAll rights reserveden_NZ
dc.subjectAuckland (N.Z.)en_NZ
dc.subjecthousing in Aucklanden_NZ
dc.subjecthomeless peopleen_NZ
dc.subjectTe Puea Memorial Marae (Mangere Bridge, N.Z.)en_NZ
dc.subjectManaaki Tangata Programme (MTP)en_NZ
dc.subjectindigenous delivery servicesen_NZ
dc.subjectNew Zealanden_NZ
dc.subjectMangere Bridge (Auckland, N.Z.)en_NZ
dc.titleKāinga Manaaki : how can the Manaaki Tāngata Programme inspire marae based kāinga, to support vulnerable whānau in the pursuit of mana motuhake?en_NZ
dc.typeMasters Thesisen_NZ
dc.rights.holderAuthoren_NZ of Architecture (Professional)en_NZ Institute of Technologyen_NZ
dc.subject.marsden120101 Architectural Designen_NZ
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitationSmiler, R. (2020). Kāinga Manaaki  : how can the Manaaki Tāngata Programme inspire marae based kāinga, to support vulnerable whānau in the pursuit of mana motuhake? (Unpublished document submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Architecture (Professional)). Unitec Institute of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand. Retrieved from
dc.contributor.affiliationUnitec Institute of Technologyen_NZ
dc.subject.tukutukuKainga koreen_NZ
dc.subject.tukutukuHoahoanga whareen_NZ
dc.subject.tukutukuMana motuhakeen_NZ
unitec.publication.placeAuckland, New Zealanden_NZ
unitec.advisor.principalHoskins, Raoul

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