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dc.contributor.authorHall, Min
dc.contributor.editorC.Mileto, F.Vegas Lopez-Manzanares.
dc.description.abstractAotearoa New Zealand has a unique earth building heritage. For centuries, Māori used earth for floors and as a binder for fibrous walling materials. When settlers arrived in the nineteenth century, they brought earth building techniques with them, and in the early days of colonisation, earth buildings were commonplace. Many still survive, but as processed timber became readily available, building in earth declined; by the middle of the twentieth century it had almost ceased. Following renewed interest after World War Two, earth building continued into the twenty-first century, albeit as a non-standard form of construction. Databases compiled by Heritage New Zealand, Miles Allen, and the author, supplemented by accounts from a variety of sources, provide a relatively detailed record of earth buildings from all over Aotearoa but no cohesive history has yet been written. This paper considers possible approaches to writing such a history. Methodologies employed in local and international architectural histories are analysed, and a number of structural hierarchies are identified: for instance, Ronald Rael organises his material firstly by technique and then chronology in Earth Architecture, while Ted Howard uses location and then chronology for his Australasian history, Mud and Man. Information from New Zealand sources is then applied to these frameworks to arrive at an appropriate structural hierarchy for a complete history of earth building in Aotearoaen_NZ
dc.publisherInternational Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ISPRS) c/o Leibniz University Hannoveren_NZ
dc.rightsThis work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.en_NZ
dc.subjectNew Zealanden_NZ
dc.subjectearth buildingen_NZ
dc.subjectrammed earthen_NZ
dc.subjectpisé de terreen_NZ
dc.subjectsun-dried bricksen_NZ
dc.subjectcob (building material)en_NZ
dc.titleExploring frameworks for a history of earth building in Aotearoa New Zealanden_NZ
dc.typeConference Contribution - Paper in Published Proceedingsen_NZ
dc.rights.holder© Author(s) 2020.en_NZ
dc.subject.marsden120104 Architectural Science and Technology (incl. Acoustics, Lighting, Structure and Ecologically Sustainable Design)en_NZ
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitationHall, M. (2020). Exploring frameworks for a history of earth building in Aotearoa New Zealand. In C.Mileto, F.Vegas Lopez-Manzanares. (Ed.), Heritage2020 (3DPast / RISK-Terra , Vol. The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences - ISPRS Archives (ISSN: 2194-9034): (pp. 969-976). doi:, 2020.en_NZ
unitec.publication.volumeThe International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences - ISPRS Archives (ISSN: 2194-9034):en_NZ
unitec.conference.titleInternational Conference on Vernacular Architecture in World Heritage Sites. Risks and New Technologies. HERITAGE2020 (3DPast | RISK-Terra) - 09-12 of September 2020en_NZ
unitec.conference.orgOrganizing Committee of the International Conference on Vernacular Architecture in World Heritage Sitesen_NZ
unitec.conference.locationUniversitat Politècnica de València (Valencia, Spain)en_NZ
dc.contributor.affiliationUnitec Institute of Technologyen_NZ
unitec.publication.placeHannover, Germanyen_NZ

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