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dc.contributor.authorSolomon, Chris
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: As New Zealand’s society becomes increasingly multicultural osteopaths are delivering care to a more diverse population than ever before. The provision of high-quality, culturally safe and effective care begins with cultural self-awareness. Cultural self-awareness is the recognition of one’s values, biases, beliefs and stereotypes. The recognition and development of cultural self-awareness early in a student osteopath’s education allow for improved communication, rapport building and patient satisfaction that transitions into professional practice. This study aimed to identify the levels of cultural self-awareness of student osteopaths and to explore the factors that may be associated with these levels. METHOD: A cross-sectional study of osteopathy students from the School of Osteopathy at Unitec Institute of Technology was conducted using an online self-administered survey. The survey contained three questionnaires: A demographic questionnaire, The Cultural Awareness Scale (CAS) questionnaire and the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability (MCSD) Scale Short Form-C. Data was analysed using SPSS version 26. RESULTS: A total of 28 students participated in this study (75% response rate). Overall, students reported a moderately high level of cultural self-awareness. Results showed that students who had higher levels of cultural self-awareness also reported higher levels of social desirability response bias. The demographic variables of age and ethnicity had a significant influence on cultural self-awareness regarding students’ general educational experience and cognitive awareness. CONCLUSION: These findings provide osteopathic educators with knowledge regarding baseline levels of cultural self-awareness and identifies factors that may need to be addressed to develop cultural self-awareness in future practice. This is the first known study addressing cultural self- awareness in Unitec osteopathy students and adds to a growing body of research addressing cultural self-awareness in the continued development of culturally congruent healthcareen_NZ
dc.rightsAll rights reserveden_NZ
dc.subjectNew Zealanden_NZ
dc.subjectMount Albert (Auckland, N.Z.)en_NZ
dc.subjectUnitec Institute of Technologyen_NZ
dc.subjectosteopathic studentsen_NZ
dc.subjectcultural awarenessen_NZ
dc.subjectcultural competenceen_NZ
dc.subjectosteopathic educationen_NZ
dc.subjectUnitec coursesen_NZ
dc.subjectosteopathic medicineen_NZ
dc.titleCultural self-awareness: An analysis of the cultural self-awareness in student osteopaths at the Unitec Institute of Technology in Aotearoa/New Zealanden_NZ
dc.typeMasters Thesisen_NZ
dc.rights.holderAuthoren_NZ of Osteopathyen_NZ Institute of Technologyen_NZ
dc.subject.marsden110499 Complementary and Alternative Medicine not elsewhere classifieden_NZ
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitationSolomon, C. (2021). Cultural self-awareness: An analysis of the cultural self-awareness in student osteopaths at the Unitec Institute of Technology in Aotearoa/New Zealand. (Unpublished document submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Osteopathy). Unitec Institute of Technology, New Zealand. Retrieved from
dc.contributor.affiliationUnitec Institute of Technologyen_NZ
unitec.publication.placeNew Zealanden_NZ
unitec.advisor.principalWilliden, Micalla
unitec.advisor.associatedVerhoeff, Wesley

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